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Lost in Care - Report of the Tribunal of Inquiry into the Abuse of Children in Care in the Former County Council Areas of Gwynedd and Clwyd since 1974

Here you can browse the Report of the Tribunal of Inquiry into the Abuse of Children in Care in the Former County Council Areas of Gwynedd and Clwyd since 1974.


CONTENTS


Letter to the Rt Hon Paul Murphey MP, Secretary of State for Wales

Report Outline

Part I:

INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1: The appointment of the Tribunal and a brief account of its work

Chapter 2: The general background to the Inquiry

2.02  The independent investigation commissioned by Clwyd County Council: the Jillings Report

2.04  The Report of the Examination Team on Child Care Procedures and Practice in North Wales

2.07  Criminal proceedings prior to 1991

2.08  The complaints of Alison Taylor

2.12  The 1986/1987 police investigation

2.16  Alison Taylor's further representations and her dismissal

2.23  The setting up of the 1991/1993 police investigation

2.25  The article in the Independent on Sunday

2.27  Other published allegations against Gordon Anglesea

2.29  Gordon Anglesea's libel actions

2.33  The course of the 1991/1993 police investigation

2.35  Criminal proceedings following the 1991/1993 police investigation

2.36  Further events leading to the Jillings inquiry

Chapter 3: The legislative and administrative background in 1974

3.02  Report of the Seebohm Committee on Local Authority and Allied Personal Social Services

3.05  Local Authority Social Services Act 1970

3.06  "Children in Trouble"

3.10  Children and Young Persons Act 1969

3.11  Community Homes Regulations 1972

3.16  The Children's Regional Planning Committee for Wales

3.18  Local Government Act 1972

3.19  Appointment of senior officials to the Social Services Department of Clwyd County Council

3.22  Appointment of senior officials to the Social Services Department of Gwynedd County Council

Chapter 4: A summary of residential care provision for children in Clwyd between 1974 and 1996

4.01  The overall position in 1974

4.02  Local authority community homes in Clwyd in 1974

4.04  Controlled community homes in Clwyd in 1974

4.05  Assisted community homes in Clwyd in 1974

4.06  Other non-private residential establishments for children in Clwyd in 1974

4.09  Private children's homes and schools in Clwyd in 1974

4.10  Bryn Alyn Community

4.12  Care Concern

4.17  Clwyd Hall for Child Welfare

4.18  Local authority community homes in Clwyd in 1985

4.21  Other community homes in Clwyd in 1985

4.22  Private children's homes and schools in Clwyd in 1985

4.23  Expansion of the Bryn Alyn Community

4.28  Other private residential establishments for children in 1985

4.29  Decline of number of children in residential care by 1996

4.30  Local authority community homes in Clwyd in 1996

4.31  Private children's homes and schools in Clwyd in 1996

4.32  The scope of our account of alleged abuse in Clwyd

Chapter 5: A summary of residential care provision for children in Gwynedd between 1974 and 1996

5.01  The overall position in 1974

5.02  Local authority community homes in Gwynedd in 1974

5.03  Voluntary homes in Gwynedd in 1974

5.05  Other residential establishments for children in 1974

5.06  The overall change in the placement of children in care by 1985

5.07  Local authority community homes in Gwynedd in 1985

5.08  Private residential homes and schools for children in Gwynedd in 1985

5.10  Residential homes and schools run by Paul Hett

5.14  Further change in the placement of children by 1996

5.15  Local authority community homes in Gwynedd in 1996

5.16  Bryn Melyn (Farm) Community

5.17  The scope of our account of alleged abuse in Gwynedd

Chapter 6: The Tribunal's approach to the evidence

Part II: ALLEGED ABUSE OF CHILDREN IN CARE IN LOCAL AUTHORITY HOMES IN CLWYD BETWEEN 1974 AND 1996

Chapter 7: Bryn Estyn, 1974 to 1984

7.01  Background

7.10  Organisation and structure as a community home with education on the premises

Chapter 8: The allegations of sexual abuse at Bryn Estyn

8.03  Peter Norman Howarth

8.11  The attitude of other members of the staff to Howarth's activities

8.23  Stephen Roderick Norris

8.35  Allegations of sexual abuse against other members of the staff

8.45  Conclusions

Chapter 9: The case of Gordon Anglesea

9.01  Background

9.04  Witness A

9.05  Witness B

9.06  Witness C

9.08  Further witnesses for the Defendants

9.10  Anglesea's evidence at the libel trial

9.12  Evidence heard by the Tribunal of Inquiry

9.14  Witness D

9.15  Witness E

9.17  Witness F

9.18  Anglesea's visits to Bryn Estyn

9.23  Golfing activities

9.24  Freemasonry

9.25  Conclusions in respect of the allegations of sexual abuse made against Anglesea

9.32  Assessment of the evidence of witness B

9.35  Assessment of the evidence of witness C

9.37  Approach taken to the case of Gordon Anglesea by the North Wales Police

Chapter 10: The allegations of physical abuse at Bryn Estyn

10.04  Paul Bicker Wilson

10.40  David Gwyn Birch

10.58  The other members of the rugby set

10.82  The teaching staff

10.121  The night care staff

10.147  Other members of the care staff

10.159  Conclusions

Chapter 11: Other aspects of the Bryn Estyn regime

11.02  The cult of silence

11.07  The use of the secure unit

11.26  The quality of education

11.42  Recruitment and training of the staff

11.49  The quality of care generally

11.59  Some concluding observations

Chapter 12: Little Acton Assessment Centre, 1974 to 1980

12.02  The senior staff to 1978

12.06  The 1978 investigation

12.09  Valerie Halliwell

12.10  Leslie Wilson

12.11  Carl Evans

12.18  Peter Bird

12.21  The regime from 1978 to 1980

12.23  Complaints to the Tribunal

12.27  Peter Bird

12.29  Huw Meurig Jones

12.36  Carl Evans

12.40  Other members of staff

Other aspects of the regime at Little Acton Assessment Centre

12.42  The assessment process

12.46  Education at Little Acton Assessment Centre

12.49  The semi-secure unit

12.51  Conclusions

Chapter 13: Bersham Hall, 1974 to 1993

13.04  The Observation and Assessment Centre, 1974 to 1980

13.13  Complaints against members of the staff

13.14  Michael Taylor

13.21  Other allegations of abuse

13.24  The Children's Centre, 1980 to 1993

13.30  Complaints against members of staff, 1980 to 1993

13.31  Contemporaneous complaints

Other complaints of abuse received by the Tribunal

13.42  Sexual abuse

Physical abuse

13.47  Christopher Thomas' view

13.51  Michael Barnes

13.58  Allegations against Christopher Thomas

13.60  Other allegations of abuse and the use of the secure unit

13.66  Conclusions

Chapter 14: Chevet Hey, 1974 to 1990

14.06  The history to August 1979

14.11  The period from September 1979 to March 1986

14.12  Frederick Marshall Jones

14.20  Paul Bicker Wilson

14.28  Enoch Ellis Edwards

14.32  Jacqueline Elizabeth Thomas

14.46  Other allegations of abuse during this period

14.49  The period from April 1986 to June 1990

14.55  Further complaints of abuse

14.57  Frederick Marshall Jones

14.63  David Gwyn Birch

14.74  Another example of disciplinary action

14.75  The Nelson regime

14.80  Conclusions

Chapter 15: Cartrefle Community Home, 1974 to 1993

15.05  The Norris period, 1 December 1984 to 18 June 1990

15.06  Complaints against Stephen Norris

15.07  Allegations of sexual abuse by Norris

15.15  The response to Norris' sexual abuse

15.19  Allegations of physical abuse by Norris

15.21  Other allegations of abuse during this period

15.39  The regime generally during Norris' period

15.42  The Cartrefle Inquiry

15.51  The final period, 8 July 1990 to 12 March 1993

15.62  Other allegations of abuse during this period

15.63  General conclusions about Cartrefle

Chapter 16: Cherry Hill Community Home

16.01  Introduction

16.06  The nature of the problem

16.07  The process of investigation and the lack of remedial action

16.17  Conclusions

Chapter 17: Three community homes in north Clwyd

17.02  Upper Downing Community Home

17.16  Conclusions

17.17  South Meadow Community Home

17.20  1974 to 1981: the regime of Joan Glover

17.37  1981 to 1990: the regime of Glyn Williams

17.40  Conclusions

17.41  Park House Community Home

17.42  1974 to 1981: the regime of Mary Ellis

17.58  1981 to 1988: the interrupted regime of Jeffrey Douglas

17.79  The 1988 Inquiry

17.88  1989 to 1991: the David Evans regime

17.94  Conclusions

Part III: ALLEGED ABUSE OF CHILDREN IN CARE IN OTHER NON-PRIVATE RESIDENTIAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN CLWYD BETWEEN 1974 AND 1996

Chapter 18: Tanllwyfan

18.09  1974 to 1976

18.18  1976 to 1982

18.29  Conclusions

Chapter 19: Ysgol Talfryn

19.03  Allegations of sexual abuse

19.04  Allegations of physical abuse

19.20  Welsh Office inspections

19.27  Conclusions

Chapter 20: Gwynfa Residential Unit

20.01  Brief history

20.10  Previous investigations

20.17  Allegations of abuse

20.28  Conclusions

Part IV: ALLEGED ABUSE OF CHILDREN IN CARE IN PRIVATE RESIDENTIAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN CLWYD BETWEEN 1974 AND 1996

Chapter 21: The Bryn Alyn Community

21.01  History and Organisation

21.18  The Community's intake

Allegations of sexual abuse

21.23  John Ernest Allen

21.48  Anthony David Taylor

21.50  Iain Muir

21.52  Kenneth Taylor

21.54  Other allegations of sexual abuse

21.58  Allegations of physical abuse

21.59  John Ernest Allen

21.61  Peter Steen

21.78  Other complaints of physical abuse

21.99  Reports to the Welsh Office of alleged physical abuse

21.105  Deficiencies in the evidence about the use of physical force generally

21.107  Other aspects of the Community regime

21.116  Surveillance by the Welsh Office

21.126  Action by Clwyd Social Services Department

21.130  Conclusions

Chapter 22: Care Concern's schools in Clwyd

22.01  Introduction

22.05  Ystrad Hall School

22.10  Allegations of sexual abuse

22.20  Allegations of physical abuse

22.28  Welsh Office inspections

22.32  Conclusions

22.33  Berwyn College for Girls

22.39  Allegations of abuse

22.47  Conclusions

22.48  The Village, Llangwyfan

Chapter 23: Clwyd Hall School

23.01  Introduction

23.08  Welsh Office inspections

23.15  Complaints of abuse

23.30  Conclusions

Part V: ALLEGED ABUSE OF CHILDREN IN FOSTER HOMES IN CLWYD BETWEEN 1974 AND 1996

Chapter 24: The overall provision of foster care in Clwyd, 1974 to 1996

24.07  Complaints of abuse in foster homes in Clwyd

Chapter 25: The case of Roger Saint

25.01  Background and history prior to fostering

25.12  The Saints' dealings with Clwyd Social Services Department and the latter's failure to acquire knowledge of Roger Saint's 1972 conviction

25.47  Placements with the Saints by Tower Hamlets

25.70  Later placements with the Saints

25.75  Conclusions

Chapter 26: Frederick Rutter

26.01  Background

26.05  The Rutters' fostering history

26.16  Other allegations against Frederick Rutter

26.18  Conclusions

Chapter 27: Allegations against other foster parents resident in Clwyd

27.01  Introduction

27.02  Foster home A

27.20  Foster home B

27.29  Foster home C

27.36  Foster home D

27.43  Foster home E

27.53  Conclusions

Part VI: THE RESPONSIBILITY OF HIGHER MANAGEMENT IN CLWYD

Chapter 28: Management structures and responsibility for Clwyd Social Services from 1974 to 1996

28.01  Introduction

28.06  The Social Services Department under Emlyn Evans, 1974 to 1980

28.16  O & M Report, February 1980

28.22  The Gledwyn Jones regime, 1980 to 1991

28.32  The Final Phase and the delegation to divisions (1990 to 1996)

28.45  The role of the Chief Executive

28.55  Comment

Chapter 29: The failure to prevent sexual abuse or to detect it earlier

29.01  Introduction

29.06  The appointment of staff

29.25  The incidence of, and response to, complaints

29.49  The absence of any complaints procedure

29.51  The awareness of staff

29.60  The role of field social workers

29.65  Monitoring, inspection and rota visits

29.86  Conclusions

Chapter 30: The failure to eliminate physical abuse

30.01  Introduction

30.09  Recruitment of staff

30.15  Complaints procedures and the response to complaints

30.31  The inadequate recording of complaints and incidents

30.37  The lack of training opportunities for residential child care staff

30.41  Other relevant factors

30.43  Conclusions

Chapter 31: Basic failings in the quality of care

31.01  Introduction

31.04  The lack of adequate planning for each child in care

31.07  The absence of any strategic framework for placements

31.11  Ineffective reviewing processes and lack of consultation with the child

31.16  Intermittent and inadequate surveillance by field social workers

31.22  Failure to prepare residents for their discharge from care

31.31  Conclusions

Chapter 32: The response of higher management to investigations, including the Jillings inquiry

32.01  Introduction

32.04  The response to internal investigations before 1990

32.22  Later investigations

32.24  The Cartrefle Inquiry, 1990 to 1992

32.35  The Jillings inquiry and the Insurers' involvement

Part VII: ALLEGED ABUSE OF CHILDREN IN CARE IN LOCAL AUTHORITY HOMES IN GWYNEDD BETWEEN 1974 AND 1996

Chapter 33: Ty'r Felin, 1974 to 1995

33.01  Introduction

33.09  The pre-Dodd history (1974 to 1977)

33.22  The Dodds' regime, 1978 to 1992

33.30  The disciplinary climate at Ty'r Felin under Nefyn Dodd

33.56  Allegations of sexual abuse

33.60  Allegations of physical abuse against Nefyn Dodd

33.86  Other allegations of physical abuse

33.115  The quality of care generally

33.126  The aftermath of the Dodds' regime (1993 to 1995)

33.131  Conclusions

Chapter 34: Ty Newydd, 1982 to 1987

34.01  Introduction

34.08  Complaints by residents of abuse at Ty Newydd

34.13  Alison Taylor's complaints and the criticisms of her

34.27  Conclusions

Chapter 35: Y Gwyngyll, 1979 to 1986

35.01  Introduction

35.17  Complaints of abuse during the Dyson period

35.18  Complaints of abuse during the Hughes' regime

35.29  The quality of care generally

35.36  Conclusions

Chapter 36: 5 Queen's Park Close, Holyhead

36.01  Introduction

36.13  Complaints of sexual abuse

36.42  Allegations of physical abuse

36.47  The quality of care generally

36.51  Conclusions

Chapter 37: Cartref Bontnewydd, 1988 to 1996

37.01  Introduction

37.05  Complaints of abuse

37.11  The quality of care generally

37.14  Conclusions

Part VIII: ALLEGED ABUSE OF CHILDREN IN CARE IN PRIVATE RESIDENTIAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN GWYNEDD BETWEEN 1974 AND 1996

Chapter 38: Hengwrt Hall School and its successor, Aran Hall School

38.01  Introduction

38.14  Complaints of abuse

38.31  Surveillance by the Welsh Office

38.36  Conclusions

Chapter 39: The residential establishments of Paul Hett

39.01  Introduction

39.08  Ynys Fechan Hall

39.17  Do®l Rhyd School

39.30  Hengwrt House (Ysgol Hengwrt, later called The Pioneer Centre)

39.41  Complaints of sexual abuse

39.50  Complaints of physical abuse

39.59  Conclusions

39.61  Postscript on Ynys Fechan Hall

Part IX: ALLEGED ABUSE OF CHILDREN IN FOSTER HOMES IN GWYNEDD BETWEEN 1974 AND 1996

Chapter 40: The overall provision of foster care in Gwynedd, 1974 to 1996

40.08  Complaints of abuse in foster homes in Gwynedd

Chapter 41: The case of M

41.01  Background

41.09  The allegations of abuse

41.22  Surveillance of M's placement between 1980 and 1985

41.31  The response to the events of September 1985

41.46  Developments between 1986 and 1988

41.55  Conclusions

Chapter 42: Alleged sexual abuse of children in foster homes in Gwynedd

42.01  Introduction

42.03  Malcolm Ian Scrugham

42.19  Foster home B

42.25  Foster home C

42.37  Foster child D

42.46  Conclusions

Chapter 43: Other allegations of abuse in Gwynedd foster homes

43.01  Introduction

43.03  Foster home A

43.26  Foster home B

43.45  Foster home C

43.50  Conclusions

Part X: THE RESPONSIBILITY OF HIGHER MANAGEMENT IN GWYNEDD

Chapter 44: Management structures and responsibility for Gwynedd Social Services from 1974 to 1996

44.01  Introduction

44.03  The Social Services Department under T E Jones, 1974 to 1982

44.20  The interregnum under Ebsworth (1982/1983)

44.25  The regime of Lucille Hughes, 1983 to 1996

44.43  The role of the Chief Executive

44.63  Comments

Chapter 45: The failure to eliminate abuse

45.01  Introduction

45.06  The appointment and advancement of Nefyn Dodd

45.14  The absence of complaints procedures

45.17  The incidence of, and response to, complaints

45.24  Conclusions

Chapter 46: Basic failings in the quality of care

46.01  Introduction

46.03  The lack of adequate planning for each child in care

46.06  The absence of any strategic framework for placements

46.10  Ineffective reviewing processes and lack of consultation with the child

46.16  Intermittent and inadequate surveillance by field social workers

46.21  Failure to prepare residents for their discharge from care

46.29  The failure to heed adverse reports

46.36  The lack of financial resources

46.45  The input of councillors

46.49  Conclusions

Part XI: THE ROLE OF THE WELSH OFFICE

Chapter 47: The position of the Welsh Office in the structure and its child care objectives

47.01  The establishment of the Welsh Office

47.05  The administrative arrangements within the Welsh Office

47.20  The Welsh Office's view of its role in respect of children's services

47.26  The Children's Regional Planning Committee for Wales

47.39  The provision of financial resources

47.47  The argument about the scope of the Welsh Office's duties

47.53  Conclusions

Chapter 48: The effectiveness of Welsh Office inspections

48.01  Introduction

48.15  The record of SWSW/SSIW inspections

48.30  The record of HMI inspections

48.39  Conclusions

Chapter 49: Other relevant activities of the Welsh Office

49.01  Introduction

49.06  Recruitment and management of staff

49.19  Control and discipline

49.27  Training

49.40  Visiting

49.43  Complaints procedures

49.52  Fostering

49.57  The Welsh Office's responses to Alison Taylor

49.71  Other relevant information communicated to the Welsh Office

49.88  The response to the Adrianne Jones report

49.92  Conclusions

Part XII: THE POLICE INVESTIGATIONS IN CLWYD AND GWYNEDD

Chapter 50: The general history of the police investigations and the nature of the criticisms

50.01  The North Wales Police

50.04  Investigations 1974 to 1980

50.08  Investigations 1981 to 1989

50.20  Investigations from 1990 to 1996

50.29  Investigations from 1997 to date

50.33  Criticisms of police responses outside the main investigations

50.41  The alleged impact of freemasonry

Chapter 51: The three main police investigations

51.01  Gwynedd 1986/1988

51.34  Cartrefle, 1990

51.40  The major North Wales investigation, 1991 onwards

51.60  The demands for an investigation by an outside force

51.79  Conclusions

Chapter 52: Was there a paedophile ring?

52.01  Introduction

52.09  Paedophile activity at and connected with Bryn Estyn and Cartrefle

52.22  Recruitment generally

52.28  Paedophile activity in and around Wrexham town

52.59  The investigation of Gary Cooke in 1979

52.71  The Campaign for Homosexual Equality

52.80  Paedophile activity on the North Wales coast

52.84  Conclusions

Part XIII: THE SUCCESSOR AUTHORITIES

Chapter 53:The new structures and resources

53.01  Introduction

53.05  Anglesey

53.15  Conwy

53.25  Gwynedd

53.33  Denbighshire

53.44  Flintshire

53.56  Wrexham

Chapter 54: Some continuing concerns

54.01  Introduction

54.03  The responses of the successor authorities to Adrianne Jones

54.19  The overall provision of residential care

54.23  The monitoring of foster placements

54.27  The supervision of children leaving care

54.28  Financial provision generally

54.30  Conclusions

Part XIV: CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Chapter 55: Conclusions

55.01  Introduction

55.10  Summary of our conclusions

55.11  Postscript

Chapter 56: Recommendations

56.01  Introduction

56.05  The Tribunal's recommendations

APPENDICES

Appendix 1: Acknowledgements

Appendix 2: The Tribunal and its staff

Appendix 3: Representation

Appendix 4: Note by the Chairman of the Tribunal on its procedures

Appendix 5: Report of the Witness Support Team

Appendix 6: Main statutory regulation from 1974 until the Children Act 1989 came into force on 14 October 1991

Appendix 7: Statutes and Statutory Instruments cited in the report

Appendix 8: List of main relevant publications

Appendix 9: Welsh Office and other departmental Circulars cited in the report

Appendix 10: Anatomy of a weekend

Appendix 11: Statement of Sir Ronald Hadfield, assessor to the Tribunal in respect of police matters

GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS

Please note:

Complainants and some others are identified in this report by a capital letter instead of by name. The identification by letter is consistent within individual chapters but has no application outside that chapter unless expressly stated.


 
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Prepared 15 February 2000